Smalltalk is the oldest mature pure object-oriented language. It is brilliant, simple, and has only a few keywords. It is similar to Tcl in that the control structures are not part of language.
Almost all good things known in new hype-languages come from Smalltalk. That is
Also many popular program-techniques were developed under Smalltalk first:
Smalltalk also has well-designed standard libraries (Collections, Process Control, I/O).
TpP: My first OO languge was Smalltalk. Squeak is a popular Smalltalk implementation with an active community, and several interesting features. If you want to play with Smalltalk, Squeak is a good start.
Why is Smalltalk not the most most popular object-oriented programmming language? The reasons could be:
Talking of syntax, here's a snippet from [L2 ] - double-quoted strings are just comments:
7 "a number" $z "a character" 'colourless ideas sleep furiously' "a string" #(#tom #dick #harry) "an array of 3 components" #(# one 'should shower at least' 3 'times a week')
RS can't help finding Tcl simpler, and better-looking...
RS: Yes, #tom is the symbol tom, 'tom' is a string constant, and tom either variable or method/keyword.
Let see some sample program to show all main Smalltalk syntax and look and feel.
| myVar myVar2 | " Variable Definition" myVar := SampleClass new. "Create Instance of Class Sample Class. new is simple method call on object SampleClass not special operator Everything is object" myVar setSample: 1. "call method setSample: with one parameter" myVar setSample: 2 with: 3. "call method setSample:with: with two parameters" "method chaning java myVar.getAnotherObjekt().callThisObjectWith(23)" myVar getAnotherObjekt callThisObjectWith: 23. "Now Blocks" myVar isRead ifTrue: [Transcpript show: 'I am Ready'] ifFalse: [Transcript show: 'Not Ready'] "Or somethig like C operator ? : " myVar := myVar isRead ifTrue:  ifFalse: . "Collection" myVar := Array new. "Write Collection on stdout" myVar do: [:each | Transcript show: each printString]. "Blocks are also objects. That can take parameters. see also Ruby language" "Blocks can be used do define new control stuctures or something like handlers" myVar := [:par1 | Transcript show: par1]. "Evalute Block." myVar value: 2. "same as" [:par1 | Transcript show: par1] value: 2 "method cascading" myVar method1; method2; method3 "equal to" myVar method1. myVar method2. myVar method3
Shin The Gin 2007-01-4: If you are addicted to the convenience of a common Smalltalk environment, give Tcltalk a try! You'll find workspaces and browsers and even logging of changes, all without object orientation.
NEM: Yes and no. As I understand it, Smalltalk blocks are full lexical closures, so they are a bit more powerful than Tcl's lambdas. Smalltalk is actually quite a nice functional programming language as well as OO.
Forgive my confusion; but the original author appears to claim that 'garbage collection' originated in smalltalk. I was under the impression that smalltalk originated somewhere around the early 1970s and that garbage collection originated with Mr. McCarthy's LISP in the late 1950s...
Have I misunderstood the history - or is the claim that smalltalk originated GC a little overenthusiastic?