A Server Template

by Reinhard Max, Jul 21 2003.

# Authors:
# 2003, Reinhard Max
# SSL support added by Pat Thoyts <[email protected]>
# This file may be used and distributed under the same conditions as Tcl/Tk

# Which port do we listen on. The second element can be an alternative socket
# command.
set ports {{4242 {}} {443 {}}}

# If you want to use SSL on port 443 then you need to provide a pair of OpenSSL
# files for the keys. We setup the tls package here and below we can specify 
# what command to use to create the socket for each port.
if {![catch {package require tls 1.4}] } {
    if {[file exists server-public.pem]} {
        ::tls::init \
            -certfile server-public.pem \
            -keyfile  server-private.pem \
            -ssl2 1 \
            -ssl3 1 \
            -tls1 0 \
            -require 0 \
            -request 0
        # fix this if you change the ports variable above.
        lset ports 1 1 ::tls::socket

# Which commands shall be understood by our protocol
set commands {

array unset help
array set help {
   help             {Lists the available commands.}
   {help <command>} {Prints a short help on the given command.}
   {echo <arg>}     {Return the given arguments.}
   {I am <name>}    {Tell the server your name and it will greet you.}
   listme           {Returns the Tcl script that implements this server.}
   bye              {Close the connection.}
   showstate        {Show the state array of the current connection.}
   {auth <user> <password>} {Authenticate yourself.}

proc auth {user pass} {
   upvar 1 state state
   # Put your code for username/password lookup here.
   set state(user) $user
   set state(pass) $pass
   set state(auth) 1
   return OK

proc showstate {} {
   upvar 1 state state
   farray state

proc reload {args} {
   after idle [list source [info script]]
   return "Matrix reloaded! ;)"

proc echo {args} {
   upvar 1 state state
   return $args

proc I {args} {
   set args [lrange $args 1 end]
   return "Hello $args!"

proc listme {} {
   set fd [open [info script]]
   set script [read $fd]
   close $fd
   return $script

proc bye {} {
   upvar 1 state state
   after idle [list slaveServer::closeSocket $state(socket)]
   return "Good bye!"

proc strip {string} {
   regsub -all -line {^\s+} $string {}

proc max {a b} {expr {$a > $b ? $a : $b}}

proc farray {array {separator =} {pattern *}} {
   upvar $array a
   set names [lsort [array names a $pattern]]
   set max 0
   foreach name $names {
       set max [max $max [string length $name]]
   set result [list]
   foreach name $names {
       lappend result [format " %-*s %s %s" $max $name $separator $a($name)]
   return [join $result "\n"]

proc help {{{<command>} {}}} {
   global help
   set helps [farray help - ${<command>}*]
   if {$helps == ""} {
       set helps "No help available for ${<command>}!"
   return "\n$helps\n"

namespace eval slaveServer {
   # procs that start with a lowercase letter are public
   namespace export {[a-z]*}
   variable serversockets

proc slaveServer::closeSocket {socket} {
   variable $socket
   upvar 0 $socket state
   puts stderr "Closing $socket [clock format [clock seconds]]"
   catch {close $socket}
   unset state

# This gets called whenever a client connects
proc slaveServer::Server {socket host port} {
   variable $socket
   upvar 0 $socket state
   # just to be sure ...
   array unset state
   set state(socket) $socket
   set state(host) $host
   set state(port) $port
   puts stderr "New Connection: $socket $host $port [clock format [clock seconds]]"
   fconfigure $socket -buffering line -blocking 0
   fileevent $socket readable [namespace code [list Handler $socket]]
   puts $socket "Welcome to this little demo server!"
   puts $socket "Type \"help\" to see what you can do here."

# This gets called whenever a client sends a new line
# of data or disconnects
proc slaveServer::Handler {socket} {
   variable $socket
   upvar 0 $socket state

   # Do we have a disconnect?
   if {[eof $socket]} {
       closeSocket $socket

   # Does reading the socket give us an error?
   if {[catch {gets $socket line} ret] == -1} {
       puts stderr "Closing $socket"
       closeSocket $socket
   # Did we really get a whole line?
   if {$ret == -1} return

   # ... and is it not empty? ...
   set line [string trim $line]
   if {$line == ""} return

   ## ... and not an SSL request? ...
   #if {[string index $line 0] == "\200"} {
   #    puts stderr "SSL request - closing connection"
   #    closeSocket $socket
   #    return

   # OK, so log it ...
   puts stderr "$socket > $line"

   # ... evaluate it, ...
   if {[catch {slave eval $line} ret]} {
       set ret "ERROR: $ret"
   # ... log the result ...
   puts stderr [regsub -all -line ^ $ret "$socket < "]

   # ... and send it back to the client.
   if {[catch {puts $socket $ret}]} {
       closeSocket $socket

proc slaveServer::init {ports commands} {
   variable serversockets
   # (re-)create a safe slave interpreter
   catch {interp delete slave}
   interp create -safe slave
   # remove all predefined commands from the slave
   foreach command [slave eval info commands] {
       slave hide $command
   # link the commands for the protocol into the slave
   puts -nonewline stderr "Initializing commands:"
   foreach command $commands {
       puts -nonewline stderr " $command"
       interp alias slave $command {} $command
   puts stderr ""
   #(re-)create the server socket
   if {[info exists serversockets]} {
       foreach sock $serversockets {
           catch {close $sock}
       unset serversockets
   puts -nonewline stderr "Opening sockets:"
   foreach {port} $ports {
       foreach {port socketCmd} $port {}
       if {$socketCmd == {}} { set socketCmd ::socket }
       puts -nonewline stderr " $port ($socketCmd)"
       lappend serversockets \
           [$socketCmd -server [namespace code Server] $port]
   puts stderr ""

slaveServer::init $ports $commands
if {![info exists forever]} {
   set forever 1
   vwait forever