Iching_Fortunes

Iching_Fortunes

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Preface

The Iching is the ancient fortune telling book of China. The Iching literature mentions various methods for casting fortune patterns of Iching. The various methods include hot ironing of turtle shells (-t.), manipulations of yarrow sticks, flipping coins, throwing shaman bones, and dice. One analogy from North America is a shaman throwing or shuffling stick dice.

Introduction

I made three stick dice for Iching by cutting a dowel of square cross section into three sticks. For the three stick dice, the flat sides are marked or burned with 2 or 3 holes alternately. Two sticks are marked with {3 2 3 2} dots on the sides. One stick is marked with {3 3 3 2} dots on the sides. In casting such three dice, the possible sums are 6,7,8, or 9. Further, the stick dice are cast six times to obtain whole lines or broken lines in a pattern or set of six lines. A set of six Iching lines is called a gua in the orient or a hexagram in some translations of the Chinese.


In the Iching interpretations, casts of 6 and 8 are broken or yin (female) lines, while casts of 7 and 9 are whole or yang (male) lines. The casts are recorded by pencil with the first line at bottom and marking up the column. It is possible to record the numbers from the casts with tally sticks or Chinese counting rods, which are somewhat reminiscent of the Iching patterns themselves. After marking the original pattern or hexagram, sometimes a second follow-up hexagram is developed by swapping throws of 6 for a 7 and throws of 9 for a 6. These swaps effectively trade a broken line(6) for a whole line(7) and a whole line(9) for a broken line(6). The throws for the changing lines (6&9) may not always be come out in the first hexagram or its component lines, so the followup hexagram may not exist {under consistent rules}. If the first hexagram is interpreted on a line by line basis, any changing lines(6&9) or second hexagram offers some modification or discount on the interpretation of the first hexagram.


In developing a computer program or application, it is helpful to develop analogs for the individual tasks of the application. An Iching application would have to compose, beg, or borrow TCL procedures for random casts, tallies of scores, accounting files, display hexagram lines on a screen, swapping changing lines, hexagram pattern recognition and ranking interpretations. In fact, some TCL one liner procedures and text swapping routines might be useful as utilities in a starter application program, since unruly text strings are expected in the Iching. Casting the sticks or bones for each Iching line is analog for random lpick subroutine below. Adding the top sides of three sticks and throwing six times is analog for the "for 6 times" statement in the bonereadxx procedure below. In the West, Leibniz etc recognized that the whole and broken lines in the hexagram patterns could be counted as ones and zeros, respectively in a binary number system. For example, a cast or TCL list of { 6,7,8,9,6,7 } could be expressed as a binary number, 010101. The binary numbers are the analogs for the binaryexchange subroutine below. For computer procedures, the patterns are effectively a horizontal bar code of 6 lines.


In the process of designing the basic subroutine tasks, we could throw in some switches, logic chains, or daisy chains that break the outset rules given above. For example, TCL is so good at swapping lines (6&9) for the second hexagram, that it would be easy to put a switch that generates or swaps all hexagram lines (6,7,8,&9) for their opposites. Also from some scripts of the Chinese Chou dynasty, different Iching fortune methods of yarrow sticks or coins would generate different probabilities of obtaining each hexagram line. Might be interesting to have a back door in the program to check (or adapt} the different probabilities of stick or coin throws.


Conclusions

Several authors have pointed out that a few of the hexagrams look similar to Chinese characters or even Mayan calendar notation. Without wading too deep into alternate realities, the Iching hexagrams could be used as numerals, script alphabet, game tokens, symbol recognition code, or maybe a programming language (like Greek letters for APL operators). Such rule breaking helps keep the finished program more flexible.


ScreenShot Section

Iching_Fortunes screen.png


References

Random Divination ( non-Iching)

Programming References ( TCL & C# )


Pretty Print Version

    #!/usr/bin/env wish
    # pretty print version from autoindent and ased editor
    #Iching_Fortunes
    # or Itching For Tunes [%>}
    # 6Feb2007, [gold]
    # working on XP starter code
    # top browser is written for windows
    # and should open file in notepad,
    # on left mouse click.
    package require Tk
    global bookvalue bookvalue2
    set colorground bisque
    set wow "bone number"
    proc xlistlistbox {} {
        .labellabel delete 0 end
        foreach filefile [glob .* *] {
            if [file isdirectory $filefile] {
                set filefile "$filefile/"
            }
            .labellabel insert end $filefile;
        }
    }
    proc xskipskipdirectory {dir} {
        cd $dir
        .realcommand configure -text [pwd]
        xlistlistbox
    }
    proc clickclicklistbox {} {
        catch { set index [lindex [.labellabel curselection] 0] }
        if { $index == "" } { return }
        set filename [.labellabel get $index]
        if [file isdirectory $filename] {
            xskipskipdirectory $filename
        } else {
            #exec xedit $file &
            # windows editor
            exec notepad $filename}}
    wm title . "File Starter"
    frame .labelframe
    pack .labelframe -expand no -fill x
    label .labellabel1 -text "Directory:"
    label .realcommand -text "" \
            -relief groove
    pack .labellabel1 -in .labelframe \
            -side left -expand no -fill x
    pack .realcommand -in .labelframe \
            -side left -expand yes -fill x -anchor w
    frame .listlistbox
    pack .listlistbox -expand yes -fill both
    listbox .labellabel \
            -width 25 -height 3 \
            -xscrollcommand ".xxxxaxis set" \
            -yscrollcommand ".yyyyaxis set" \
            -bg $colorground
    scrollbar .yyyyaxis \
            -command ".labellabel yview" \
            -orient v
    scrollbar .xxxxaxis \
            -command ".labellabel xview" \
            -orient h
    pack .xxxxaxis -in .listlistbox -side bottom  -fill x    -expand no
    pack .yyyyaxis -in .listlistbox -side right   -fill y    -expand no
    pack .labellabel  -in .listlistbox -side top     -fill both -expand yes
    frame .buttonbuttonx
    pack .buttonbuttonx -fill x
    button .caster -text Cast_Bones -command {bonereadxx 1 ;castfortune;}
    button .coinster -text Coin_Toss -command {bonereadxx 2;castfortune;}
    button .done -text Exit -command exit
    pack .caster .coinster .done -in .buttonbuttonx \
            -side top -fill x
    bind .labellabel <Double-1> clickclicklistbox
    pack  [ label .ww -text "Iching holding tank " -bg $colorground]
    pack [ text .wxxccc -width 80 -height 3 -bg beige ]
    focus .wxxccc           ;# allow keyboard input
    .wxxccc insert end  "xxx starter xxx  ";
    scrollbar .scr -orient vertical -command ".can yview"
    canvas .can -yscrollcommand ".scr set" -width 240 -bg $colorground
    pack .can -fill both -expand 1 -side left
    pack .scr -fill y -expand 0 -side left
    set width 50
    set height 50
    set w ".can"
    set x 100
    set y 100
    set dx 50
    set dy 30
    set colors {white black }
    set color 0
    #suchenwirth_subroutine;}
    proc lpick L {lindex $L [expr {int(rand()*[llength $L])} ];}
    # utilities
    proc plainsub {text item replacewith} {
        set text [string map [list $item $replacewith] $text]
    }
    proc %+ {a  } {return [string toupper $a]; #%+ tree >TREE }
    proc %- {a  } {return [string tolower $a]; #%+ Tree >tree  }
    proc %++ {a b} {return $a$b;#%+* tree root  >treeroot }
    proc %-- {a b} {regsub $b $a "" a; return $a;#%-- 5 7>5 }
    proc %% {a b} {regsub -all $b $a "";#%% tree root  >tree }
    proc %1 {a b} {regsub $b $a "" a; return $a;#%1 tree root>tree }
    proc %2 {a b} {regsub $b $a "" a;regsub $b $a "" a; return $a;#%2 tree root>tree }
    proc %3 {a b} {regsub $b $a "" a;regsub $b $a "" a;regsub $b $a "" a; return $a;#%3 tree root>tree}
    proc %2x  {a} {return $a$a;#%2x tree>treetree}
    proc %3x  {a} {return $a$a$a;#%3x tree>treetreetree}
    proc %4x  {a} {return "$a,$a,$a";#%5x tree>tree,tree,tree }
    proc %5x  {a} {return "$a $a $a";#%5x tree>tree tree tree }
    proc repeat {n body} {while {$n} {incr n -1; uplevel $body}}
    proc random n {expr {round($n*rand())}}
    proc whitelist {a} {return [lreplace $a 0 -1];#take string,return list without blanks}
    set k [split {abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz} {}]
    proc average L {expr ([join $L +])/[llength $L].}
    proc srevert s {
        set l [string length $s]
        set res ""
        while {$l} {append res [string index $s [incr l -1]]}
        set res
    };# RS,
    proc lreverse L {
        set res {}
        set i [llength $L]
        #while {[incr i -1]>=0} {lappend res [lindex $L $i]}
        while {$i} {lappend res [lindex $L [incr i -1]]} ;# rmax
        set res
    } ;# RS, tuned 10% faster by [rmax]
    proc sumoflist  L {expr [join [split $L ""] +]+0} ;# RS
    proc convertbase2to10 {jip} {
        set l [split $jip ""]
        set t 0; set e 0;
        foreach n $l {
            set exp [ expr int(pow(2,$e))];
            incr t [ expr $n * $exp  ] ;
            incr e;
        }
        return $t}
    proc kvsearch {kvlist item} {
        set pos [lsearch $kvlist $item]
        if {$pos != -1} {
            lindex $kvlist [expr {$pos+1-2*($pos%2)}]
        }
    } ;# RS
    # end utilities
    #start iching data
    set bookvalue  [ list  1  63  43  62  14  61  34  60  9  59  5 58 26  57  11  56  10  55  58  54  38  53  54  52  61  51 60  50 41  49  19  48 13  47  49  46  30  45  55  44  37  43  63  42  22  41  36  40  25  39  17  38  21  37  51  36  42  35  3  34  27  33  24  32  44  31  28  30  50  29  32  28  57  27  48  26  18  25  46  24  6  23  47  22  64  21  40  20  59  19  29  18 4 17  7  16  33  15  31  14  56  13  62  12  53  11  39 10  52  9  15  31  14  56  13  62  12  53  11  39  10 52  9  15 8 12   7  45  6  35  5  16  4  20  3   23  1  2  0 8 2 ]
    set bookvalue2  [ list 9999 1  63  43  62  14  61  34  60  9  59  5 58 26  57  11  56  10  55  58  54  38  53  54  52  61  51 60  50 41  49  19 48  13  47  49  46  30  45  55  44  37  43  63  42  22  41  36  40  25  39  17  38  21  37  51  36  42  35  3  34  27  33  24  32  44  31  28  30  50  29  32  28  57  27  48  26  18  25  46  24  6  23  47  22  64  21  40  20  59  19  29  18 4 17  7  16  33  15  31  14  56  13  62  12  53  11  39 10  52  9  15  31  14  56  13  62  12  53  11  39  10 52  9  15 8 12   7  45  6  35  5  16  4  20  3   23  1  2  0 8 2 ]
    if 0 { iching hexagrams and trigrams }
    if 0 { Little API style database }
    set  chartbamboo { " list
        + hexagram_1 : pinyin Qian wade Ch'ien english {The Creative }
        + hexagram_2 : pinyin Kun wade  K'un english {The Receptive}
        + hexagram_3 : pinyin Zhun wade Chun english { Difficulty at the Beginning  }
        + hexagram_4 : pinyin Meng wade Mêng english {Youthful Folly }
        + hexagram_5 : pinyin Xu wade Hsü english {Waiting  }
        + hexagram_6 : pinyin  Song wade Sung english {Conflict }
        + hexagram_7 : pinyin  Shi wade Shih english {The Army }
        + hexagram_8 : pinyin  Bi wade Pi english {Holding Together}
        + hexagram_9 : pinyin  Xiaoxu wade Hsiao Ch'u english {The Taming Power of the Small}
        + hexagram_10 : pinyin Lü wade Lü english {Treading}
        + hexagram_11 : pinyin Tai wade T'ai english {Peace }
        + hexagram_12 : pinyin Pi wade P'i english {Standstill  }
        + hexagram_13 : pinyin Tongren wade {T'ung Jên} english {Fellowship with Men }
        + hexagram_14 : pinyin Dayou wade { Ta Yu } english {Possession in Great Measure }
        + hexagram_15 : pinyin Qian wade Ch'ien english {Modesty  }
        + hexagram_16 : pinyin Yu wade Yü english {Enthusiasm }
        + hexagram_17 : pinyin Sui wade Sui english {Following }
        + hexagram_18 : pinyin Gu wade Ku english {Work on What Has Been Spoiled  }
        + hexagram_19 : pinyin Lin wade Lin english {Approach  }
        + hexagram_20 : pinyin Guan wade Kuan english {Contemplation  }
        + hexagram_21 : pinyin Shike wade {Shih Ho } english {Biting Through  }
        + hexagram_22 : pinyin Bi wade Pi english {Grace }
        + hexagram_23 : pinyin Bo wade Po english {Splitting Apart }
        + hexagram_24 : pinyin Fu wade Fu english {Return  }
        + hexagram_25 : pinyin Wuwang wade { Wu Wang }english {Innocence }
        + hexagram_26 : pinyin Daxu wade { Ta Ch'u } english {The Taming Power of the Great }
        + hexagram_27 : pinyin Yi wade I english {The Corners of the Mouth }
        + hexagram_28 : pinyin Daguo wade { Ta Kuo } english {Preponderance of the Great }
        + hexagram_29 : pinyin Kan wade K'an english {The Abysmal }
        + hexagram_30 : pinyin Li wade Li english {The Clinging }
        + hexagram_31 : pinyin Xian wade  Hsien english {Influence }
        + hexagram_32 : pinyin Heng wade  Hêng english {Duration}
        + hexagram_33 : pinyin Dun  wade  Tun english {Retreat }
        + hexagram_34 : pinyin Dazhuang wade { Ta Chuang } english {The Power of the Great }
        + hexagram_35 : pinyin Jin wade Chin english {Progress}
        + hexagram_36 : pinyin Mingyi wade { Ming I } english {Darkening of the Light }
        + hexagram_37 : pinyin Jiaren wade Chia Jên english { The Family}
        + hexagram_38 : pinyin Kui wade K'uei english {Opposition  }
        + hexagram_39 : pinyin Jian wade Chien english {Obstruction}
        + hexagram_40 : pinyin  Xie wade Hsieh english {Deliverance}
        + hexagram_41 : pinyin Sun  wade Sun english {Decrease }
        + hexagram_42 : pinyin Yi  wade I english {Increase }
        + hexagram_43 : pinyin Guai wade Kuai english {Break-through}
        + hexagram_44 : pinyin Gou wade Kou english {Coming to Meet}
        + hexagram_45 : pinyin Cui wade Ts'ui english {Gathering Together  }
        + hexagram_46 : pinyin Sheng wade Shêng english {Pushing Upward }
        + hexagram_47 : pinyin Kun wade K'un english {Oppression  }
        + hexagram_48 : pinyin Jing wade Ching english {The Well }
        + hexagram_49 : pinyin Ge wade Ko english {Revolution}
        + hexagram_50 : pinyin Ding wade Ting english {The Caldron }
        + hexagram_51 : pinyin Zhen wade Chên english {The Arousing  }
        + hexagram_52 : pinyin Gen wade Kên english {Keeping Still }
        + hexagram_53 : pinyin Jian wade Chien english {Development }
        + hexagram_54 : pinyin Guimei wade {Kuei Mei} english {The Marrying Maiden }
        + hexagram_55 : pinyin Feng wade Fêng english {Abundance }
        + hexagram_56 : pinyin Lü wade Lü english {The Wanderer }
        + hexagram_57 : pinyin Xun wade Sun english {The Gentle }
        + hexagram_58 : pinyin Dui wade Tui english {The Joyous }
        + hexagram_59 : pinyin Huan wade Huan english { Dispersion }
        + hexagram_60 : pinyin Jie wade Chieh english {Limitation }
        + hexagram_61 : pinyin Zhongfu wade {Chung Fu} english {InnerTruth }
        + hexagram_62 : pinyin Xiaoguo wade { Hsiao Kuo} english {Preponderance of the Small }
        + hexagram_63 : pinyin Jiji wade { Chi Chi } english {After Completion}
        + hexagram_64 : pinyin Weiji wade { Wei Chi } english {Before Completion }
        "  }
    proc plainsub {text item replacewith} {
        set text [string map [list $item $replacewith] $text] }
    foreach piece { + : \{ \} }  {
        set  chartbamboo [ plainsub $chartbamboo $piece "*" ]
    }
    set reading [ list [ split $chartbamboo " " ]]
    #end iching data
    proc binaryexchange {gualisting} {
        # converts gualisting as a list
        # to binary & decimal numbers.
        global dx dy colors color
        global guabinary guadecimal guatransform
        set guabinary [ whitelist $gualisting ];
        set guabinary [ join [ split $guabinary " "]];
        set guabinary [ plainsub $guabinary 6 0 ];
        set guabinary [ plainsub $guabinary 7 1 ];
        set guabinary [ plainsub $guabinary 8 0 ];
        set guabinary [ plainsub $guabinary 9 1 ];
        set guabinary [ plainsub $guabinary " " "" ];
        return $guabinary;
    }
    proc second_hexagram_compute {gualisting } {
        # subroutine under test
        global bookvalue second_hexagram
        #set gualisting [ lreverse $gualisting];
        set second_hexagram [ list ];
        set second_hexagram  [ join $gualisting ] ;
        set second_hexagram [ plainsub $second_hexagram 6 7 ];
        set second_hexagram  [ plainsub $second_hexagram 9 6 ];
        set guabinary [ binaryexchange $second_hexagram ];
        set decimalout [ convertbase2to10 $guabinary ];
        set bookgua [ kvsearch $bookvalue $decimalout ];
        return $bookgua;
    }
    proc bonereadxx {coinsread} {
        global dx dy colors color gualisting reading
        global bookvalue bookvalue2 second_hexagram
        set dj 1;
        set gualisting [list ];
        if { $coinsread == 1 } {
            for {set j 0} {$j<6} {incr j $dj} {
                set bone1 [lpick {3 3 3 2}]
                set bone2 [lpick {3 3 2 2}]
                set bone3 [lpick {3 3 2 2}]
                set bonereading [expr $bone1 + $bone2 + $bone3 ]
                set wow [expr $bone1 + $bone2 + $bone3 ]
                lappend gualisting $wow;
            }
        }
        if { $coinsread == 2 } {
            for {set j 0} {$j<6} {incr j $dj} {
                set bone1 [lpick {3 3 2 2}]
                set bone2 [lpick {3 3 2 2}]
                set bone3 [lpick {3 3 2 2}]
                set bonereading [expr $bone1 + $bone2 + $bone3 ]
                set wow [expr $bone1 + $bone2 + $bone3 ]
                lappend gualisting $wow;
            }
        }
        #set guabinary [ list 1 0 1 1 1 si tiene problema ]
        set gualisting [ lreverse $gualisting];
        # reading hexagram lines top down,
        # opposed to reverse(down top)
        # give different binary values
        #
        set guabinary [ binaryexchange $gualisting ];
        set decimalout [ convertbase2to10 $guabinary ];
        set bookgua [ kvsearch $bookvalue2 $decimalout ];
        set second_hexa [ second_hexagram_compute $gualisting ];
        .wxxccc delete 1.0 end;
        set outoutfoulspirit " last bone is $wow .gua listing is   $gualisting && binary $guabinary && decimal $decimalout &&Iching_gua_# $bookgua &&  test 2nd hex. $second_hexagram && 2nd h. test $second_hexa && $second_hexagram
        $reading "
        .wxxccc insert end $outoutfoulspirit      }
    proc castfortune {} {
        global dx dy colors color gualisting second_hexagram
        set colorx black;
        for {set i 0; set y 0} {$i<6} {incr i; incr y $dy} {
            set colorx brown;
            for {set j 0; set x 0} {$j<3} {incr j; incr x $dx} {
                set colorx brown;
                if { $j == 1} {
                    if { [lindex $gualisting $i ] == 6} {set colorx white}
                    if { [lindex $gualisting $i ] == 7} {set colorx brown}
                    if { [lindex $gualisting $i ] == 8} {set colorx white}
                    if { [lindex $gualisting $i ] == 9} {set colorx brown}
                }
                .can create rectangle $x $y [expr {$x+$dx}] [expr {$y+$dy}] \
                        -fill $colorx
            }}
        set dx 50
        set dy 30
        set colorx blue;
        for {set i 0; set y 0} {$i<6} {incr i; incr y $dy} {
            set colorx blue;
            for {set j 0; set x 0} {$j<3} {incr j; incr x $dx} {
                set colorx blue;
                if { $j == 1} {
                    if { [lindex $second_hexagram $i ] == 6} {set colorx white}
                    if { [lindex $second_hexagram $i ] == 7} {set colorx blue}
                    if { [lindex $second_hexagram $i ] == 8} {set colorx white}
                    if { [lindex $second_hexagram $i ] == 9} {set colorx blue}
                }
                .can create rectangle [expr $x + 180] $y [expr {[expr $x +180 ]+$dx}] [expr {$y+$dy}] \
                        -fill $colorx
            }}
    }
    xskipskipdirectory $env(HOME)

Appendix Tables

 if 0 { iching hexagrams and trigrams }
|1.  |Qian     |Ch'ien, The Creative|
|2.  |Kun      |K'un, The Receptive|
|3.  |Zhun     |Chun, Difficulty at the Beginning|
|4.  |Meng     |Mêng, Youthful Folly|
|5.  |Xu       |Hsü, Waiting|
|6.  |Song     |Sung, Conflict|
|7.  |Shi      |Shih, The Army|
|8.  |Bi       |Pi, Holding Together|
|9.  |Xiaoxu   |Hsiao Ch'u, The Taming Power of the Small|
|10.  |Lü       |Lü, Treading|
|11.  |Tai      |T'ai, Peace|
|12.  |Pi       |P'i, Standstill|
|13.  |Tongren  |T'ung Jên, Fellowship with Men|
|14.  |Dayou    |Ta Yu, Possession in Great Measure|
|15.  |Qian     |Ch'ien, Modesty|
|16.  |Yu       |Yü, Enthusiasm|
|17.  |Sui      |Sui, Following|
|18.  |Gu       |Ku, Work on What Has Been Spoiled|
|19.  |Lin      |Lin, Approach|
|20.  |Guan     |Kuan, Contemplation|
|21.  |Shike    |Shih Ho, Biting Through|
|22.  |Bi       |Pi, Grace|
|23.  |Bo       |Po, Splitting Apart|
|24.  |Fu       |Fu, Return|
|25.  |Wuwang   |Wu Wang, Innocence|
|26.  |Daxu     |Ta Ch'u, The Taming Power of the Great|
|27.  |Yi       |I, The Corners of the Mouth|
|28.  |Daguo    |Ta Kuo, Preponderance of the Great|
|29.  |Kan      |K'an, The Abysmal|
|30.  |Li       |Li, The Clinging|
|31.  |Xian     |Hsien, Influence|
|32.  |Heng     |Hêng, Duration|
|33.  |Dun      |Tun, Retreat|
|34.  |Dazhuang |Ta Chuang, The Power of the Great|
|35.  |Jin      |Chin, Progress|
|36.  |Mingyi   |Ming I, Darkening of the Light|
|37.  |Jiaren   |Chia Jên, The Family|
|38.  |Kui      |K'uei, Opposition|
|39.  |Jian     |Chien, Obstruction|
|40.  |Xie      |Hsieh, Deliverance|
|41.  |Sun      |Sun, Decrease|
|42.  |Yi       |I, Increase|
|43.  |Guai     |Kuai, Break-through|
|44.  |Gou      |Kou, Coming to Meet|
|45.  |Cui      |Ts'ui, Gathering Together|
|46.  |Sheng    |Shêng, Pushing Upward|
|47.  |Kun      |K'un, Oppression|
|48.  |Jing     |Ching, The Well|
|49.  |Ge       |Ko, Revolution|
|50.  |Ding     |Ting, The Caldron|
|51.  |Zhen     |Chên, The Arousing|
|52.  |Gen      |Kên, Keeping Still|
|53.  |Jian     |Chien, Development|
|54.  |Guimei   |Kuei Mei, The Marrying Maiden|
|55.  |Feng     |Fêng, Abundance|
|56.  |Lü       |Lü, The Wanderer|
|57.  |Xun      |Sun, The Gentle|
|58.  |Dui      |Tui, The Joyous|
|59.  |Huan     |Huan, Dispersion|
|60.  |Jie      |Chieh, Limitation|
|61.  |Zhongfu  |Chung Fu, Inner Truth|
|62.  |Xiaoguo  |Hsiao Kuo, Preponderance of the Small|
|63.  |Jiji     |Chi Chi, After Completion|
|64.  |Weiji    |Wei Chi, Before Completion|

The names of the trigrams

|I   |Ching    |Trigram Name | Translations|
|    |Pinyin   |Wade-Giles   | (Wilhelm/Baynes) associations|
|1.  |Qian     |Ch'ien       |the creative, heaven, Father,northwest,head,lungs|
|2.  |Kun      |K'un         |the receptive,earth,Mother,southwest,abdomen,reproductive_organs|
|3.  |Zhen     |Chên         |the arousing, thunder,Eldest_Son,east,throat|
|4.  |Kan      |K'an         |the abysmal,water,Middle_Son,north,liver,kidneys,inner_ear|
|5.  |Gen      |Kên          |keeping still, mountain,Youngest_Son,northeast,hands,spine,bones|
|6.  |Xun      |Sun          |the gentle, wind, Eldest Daughter,southeast,hips,buttocks|
|7.  |Li       |Li           |the clinging, flame,Middle_Daughter,south,eyes,heart|
|8.  |Dui      |Tui          |the joyous, lake,Youngest_Daughter,west,mouth }|

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