Generators In Tcl

What: generator - Generators for Tcl
Description: Generators are procedures that produce a series of values. Rather than returning a list, a generator "yields" each value in turn and then suspends until the next value is requested. The generator package provides a number of convenience routines for creating and using generators, building on top of the co-routine mechanism in Tcl 8.6.

Now a part of tcllib. The code there may be more recent than what is below.

ycl::iter provides an alternative implementation

See also for ... in, which is a drop-in replacement for for, and does basically what generator::foreach does

Napier Provides the Tcl Lib Documentation Link : official reference

# generator.tcl --
#       Iterators and generators via coroutines.
# Copyright (c) 2009 by Neil Madden <[email protected]>
# See the file "license.terms" for information on Usage and redistribution
# of this file, and for a DISCLAIMER OF ALL WARRANTIES.
# RCS: @(#) $Id$

package require Tcl         8.6
package provide generator   0.1

namespace eval generator {
    namespace export {[a-z]*}
    namespace ensemble create

    # next generator varName ?varName ..? --
    #   Fetch the next values from a generator, assigning them to variables. If
    #   the generator is exhausted any remaining variables are assigned the
    #   empty string.
    proc next {generator args} {
        set items [takeList [llength $args] $generator]
        uplevel 1 [list lassign $items {*}$args]

    proc takeList {n generator} {
        if {![exists $generator]} { return [list] }
        set ret [list]
        for {set i 0} {$i < $n} {incr i} {
            set item [$generator]
            if {[llength $item] == 0} { break }
            lappend ret [lindex $item 0]
        return $ret

    # foreach varSpec generator ?varSpec generator ...? body --
    #       Iterate over the elements of one or more generator functions. Each
    #       generator is a command that yields successive elements. The syntax
    #       of this construct closely matches that of the built-in foreach
    #       command.
    proc foreach args {
        if {[llength $args] < 3 || ([llength $args] % 2) != 1} {
            Usage "foreach varSpec generator ?varSpec generator ..? body"
        set body [lindex $args end]
        set genSpec [lrange $args 0 end-1]
        set items [list]
        ::foreach {varList generator} $genSpec {
            lappend items [takeList [llength $varList] $generator]

        try {
            # Keep going until all of the generators are exhausted
            # This is the foreach behaviour: empty strings are substituted for
            # exhausted generators.
            while 1 {
                set count 0
                ::foreach {varList generator} $genSpec item $items {
                    incr count [llength $item]
                    uplevel 1 [list lassign $item {*}$varList]
                if {$count == 0} {
                    # All exhausted
                try {
                    uplevel 1 $body
                } on continue {} {
                    # Continue processing
                } on return {result options} {
                    # increment -level to remove implementation details
                    dict incr options -level
                    return -options $options $result
                set items [list]
                ::foreach {varList generator} $genSpec {
                    lappend items [takeList [llength $varList] $generator]
        } finally {
            # Ensure generators are all cleaned up
            ::foreach {_ generator} $genSpec {
                destroy $generator

    # finally cmd args.. --
    #       Arranges for cmd to be called when the generator is destroyed. This
    #       can be used to perform cleanup in the event that a generator is
    #       terminated early.
    proc finally args {
        set ns [uplevel 1 { namespace current }]
        trace add command [info coroutine] delete [list ::apply [list args $args $ns]]
    proc exists generator { expr {[llength [info commands $generator]] != 0} }
    proc destroy args {
        ::foreach generator $args {
            if {[exists $generator]} { rename $generator "" }
    proc yield args {
        # Each argument is yielded individually as a separate value.
        ::foreach arg $args {
            ::yield [list $arg]

    proc define {name params body} {
        set name [Resolve 1 $name]
        set ns [namespace qualifiers $name]
        set lambda [list $params $body $ns]
        interp alias {} $name {} ::generator::spawn $lambda
        return $name
                ##### PRIVATE METHODS #####

    proc spawn {lambda args} {
        set it [Gensym]
        coroutine $it ::generator::generate $it $lambda $args

    proc generate {name lambda argList} {
        ::yield $name
        apply $lambda {*}$argList

    proc Resolve {level name} {
        if {[string match ::* $name]} { return $name }
        if {[string is integer -strict $level] && $level >= 0} { incr level }
        set ns [uplevel $level { namespace current }]
        if {$ns eq "::"} { return ::$name }
        return $ns\::$name

    proc All {p xs} {
        ::foreach x $xs { if {![{*}$p $x]} { return 0 } }
        return 1

    proc Empty? xs { expr {[llength $xs] == 0} }

    variable Gensymid 0
    proc Gensym {} {
        variable Gensymid
        set prefix [namespace current]::generator
        while 1 {
            set name $prefix[incr Gensymid]
            if {[llength [info commands $name]] == 0} { break }
        return $name

    proc Usage msg {
        return -code error -level 2 "wrong # args: should be \"$msg\""

    proc names {} {
        set pat {[0-9]*}
        return [info commands [namespace current]::generator$pat]

        ##### STANDARD GENERATORS #####

    define map {f xs} {
        # Ensure underlying generator is cleaned up too
        finally destroy $xs
        foreach x $xs { yield [{*}$f $x] }
    define filter {p xs} {
        finally destroy $xs
        foreach x $xs {
            if {[{*}$p $x]} { yield $x }
    proc reduce {f z xs} {
        foreach x $xs { set z [{*}$f $z $x] }
        return $z
    proc foldl {f z xs} { reduce $f $z $xs }
    proc foldr {f z xs} {
        set ys [generator to list $xs]
        for {set i 0} {$i < [llength $ys]} {incr i} {
            set z [{*}$f [lindex $ys end-$i] $z]
        return $z
    define zipWith {f xs ys} {
        finally destroy $xs $ys
        foreach x $xs y $ys { yield [{*}$f $x $y] }
    proc zip {xs ys} { zipWith list $xs $ys }

    proc all {p xs} { 
        and [map $p $xs]
    proc and xs {
        # foldl && true $xs
        # more efficient implementation (bail-out on first non-true element):
        foreach x $xs { if {!$x} { return 0 } }
        return 1
    proc any {p xs} { or [map $p $xs] }
    define concat args {
        ::foreach xs $args { finally destroy $xs }
        ::foreach xs $args {
            foreach x $xs { yield $x }
    define concatMap {f xs} {
        concat {*}[map $f $xs]
    proc drop {n xs} {
        takeList $n $xs
        return $xs
    define dropWhile {p xs} {
        finally destroy $xs
        foreach x $xs {
            if {![{*}$p $x]} { yield $x; break }
        foreach x $xs { yield $x }
    proc contains {elem xs} {
        foreach x $xs { if {$x eq $elem} { return 1 } }
        return 0

    proc foldl1 {f xs} { foldl $f [take 1 $xs] $xs }
    proc foldli {f z xs} { 
        foreach x $xs { set z [{*}$f [incr i] $z $x] }
        return $z
    proc foldri {f z xs} {
        set ys [to list $xs]
        for {set i [llength $ys]} {$i > 0} {incr i -1} {
            set z [{*}$f [incr j] [lindex $ys $i-1] $z]
        return $z
    proc head xs { take 1 $xs }
    proc tail xs { drop 1 $xs }
    proc last xs {
        foreach x $xs { }
        return $x
    define init xs {
        finally destroy $xs
        set last [head $xs]
        foreach x $xs {
            yield $last
            set last $x
    define take {n xs} {
        finally destroy $xs
        foreach x $xs {
            if {[incr i] >= $n} { break }
            yield $x
    define iterate {f x} {
        while 1 {
            yield $x
            set x [{*}$f $x]

    proc Count {x y} { incr x }
    proc length xs { foldl Count 0 $xs }

    proc or {p xs} {
        foreach x $xs { if {[{*}$p $x]} { return 1 } }
        return 0

    proc product xs { foldl ::tcl::mathop::* 1 $xs }
    define repeat {n args} {
        for {set i 0} {$i < $n} {incr i} {
            yield {*}$args
    proc sum xs { foldl ::tcl::mathop::+ 0 $xs }

    define takeWhile {p xs} {
        finally destroy $xs
        foreach x $xs {
            if {[{*}$p $x]} { yield $x }

    define splitWhen {p xs} {
        finally destroy $xs
        set token [list]
        foreach x $xs {
            if {[{*}$p $x]} {
                yield $token
                set token [list]
            } else {
                lappend token $x
        if {[llength $token]} { yield $token }

    define scanl {f z xs} {
        finally destroy $xs
        yield $z
        foreach x $xs {
            set z [{*}$f $z $x]
            yield $z

    # from ?list|dict? xs
    # Converts a list or dictionary into a generator: over elements or key/value
    # pairs.
    namespace eval from {
        namespace export list dict string
        namespace ensemble create

        generator define list xs {
            foreach x $xs { generator yield $x }

        generator define dict d {
            ::dict for {k v} $d { generator yield $k $v }

        generator define string s {
            foreach c [split $s ""] { generator yield $c }

    # to ?list|dict? g
    # Converts a generator into a list or dictionary by extracting all elements.
    # Dictionaries are created by assuming the generator returns a pair of
    # values per element, and using these as the key and value.
    namespace eval to {
        namespace export list dict string
        namespace ensemble create

        proc list g {
            set xs [::list]
            generator foreach x $g { lappend xs $x }
            return $xs

        proc dict g {
            set d [dict create]
            generator foreach {k v} $g { dict set d $k $v }
            return $d

        proc string g {
            set s ""
            generator foreach c $g { append s $c }
            return $s
    # The conversion functions should follow these identity laws:
    # [to list [from list $xs]] == $xs
    # [to dict [from dict $xs]] == $xs


jdc 24-jan-2011 Doctool no longer supported in Wiki. NEM Oh, that's a shame.

[manpage_begin generator n 0.1]
[moddesc    {Tcl Generator Commands}]
[titledesc  {Procedures for creating and using generators.}]
[require Tcl 8.6]
[require generator [opt 0.1]]

The [cmd generator] package provides commands to define and iterate over
generator expressions. A [emph generator] is a command that returns a sequence
of values. However, unlike an ordinary command that returns a list, a
generator [emph yields] each value and then suspends, allowing subsequent
values to be fetched on-demand. As such, generators can be used to efficiently
iterate over a set of values, without having to generate all answers in-memory.
Generators can be used to iterate over elements of a data structure, or rows
in the result set of a database query, or to decouple producer/consumer software
designs such as parsers and tokenizers, or to implement sophisticated custom
control strategies such as backtracking search. Generators reduce the need to
implement custom control structures, as many such structures can be recast as
generators, leading to both a simpler implementation and a more standardised
interface. The generator mechanism is built on top of the Tcl 8.6 coroutine


The package exports a single ensemble command, [cmd generator]. All
functionality is provided as subcommands of this command. The core subcommands
of the package are [method define], [method yield], and [method foreach]. The
[method define] command works like Tcl's [cmd proc] command, but creates a
generator procedure; that is, a procedure that returns a generator when called.
The generator itself is a command that can be called multiple times: each time
it returns the next value in the generated series. When the
series has been exhausted, the generator command returns an empty list and then
destroys itself. Rather than manually call a generator, however, the package
also provides a flexible [method foreach] command that loops through the values of
one or more generators. This loop construct mimicks the functionality of the
built-in Tcl [cmd foreach] command, including handling multiple return values
and looping over multiple generators at once. Writing a generator is also a
simple task, much like writing a normal procedure: simply use the [method define]
command to define the generator, and then call [method yield] instead of [cmd return]. 
For example, we can define a generator for looping through the integers
in a particular range:

[example {
    generator define range {n m} {
        for {set i $n} {$i <= $m} {incr i} { generator yield $i }
    generator foreach x [range 1 10] {
        puts "x = $x"


The above example will print the numbers from 1 to 10 in sequence, as you would
expect. The difference from a normal loop over a list is that the numbers are
only generated as they are needed. If we insert a break into the loop then any
remaining numbers in the sequence would never be generated. To illustrate, we
can define a generator that produces the sequence of natural numbers: an
infinite series. A normal procedure would never return trying to produce this
series as a list. By using a generator we only have to generate those values
which are actually used:

[example {
    generator define nats {} {
        while 1 { generator yield [incr nat] }
    generator foreach n [nats] {
        if {$n > 100} { break }

[section COMMANDS]
[list_begin definitions]

[call [cmd generator] [method define] [arg name] [arg params] [arg body]]

Creates a new generator procedure. The arguments to the command are identical to
those for [cmd proc]: a [arg name], a list of parameters, and a body. The
parameter list format is identical to a procedure. In particular, default values
and the [opt args] syntax can be used as usual. Each time the resulting
generator procedure is called it creates a new generator command (coroutine)
that will yield a list of values on each call. Each result from a generator is
guaranteed to be a non-empty list of values. When a generator is exhausted it
returns an empty list and then destroys itself to free up resources. It is an
error to attempt to call an exhausted generator as the command no longer exists.

[call [cmd generator] [method yield] [arg arg] [opt [arg args..]]]

Used in the definition of a generator, this command returns the next set of
values to the consumer. Once the [method yield] command has been called the
generator will suspend to allow the consumer to process that value. When the
next value is requested, the generator will resume as if the yield command had
just returned, and can continue processing to yield the next result. The 
[method yield] command must be called with at least one argument, but can be called with
multiple arguments, in which case this is equivalent to calling [method yield]
once for each argument.

[call [cmd generator] [method foreach] [arg varList] [arg generator] [arg varList] \
    [arg generator] [opt ...] [arg body]]

Loops through one or more generators, assigning the next values to variables and
then executing the loop body. Works much like the built-in [cmd foreach]
command, but working with generators rather than lists. Multiple generators can
be iterated over in parallel, and multiple results can be retrieved from a
single generator at once.  Like the built-in [cmd foreach], the loop will
continue until all of the generators have been exhausted: variables for
generators that are exhausted early will be set to the empty string.


The [method foreach] command will automatically clean-up all of the generators
at the end of the loop, regardless of whether the loop terminated early or not.
This behaviour is provided as a convenience to avoid having to explicitly
clean up a generator in the usual cases. Generators can however be destroyed
before the end of the loop, in which case the loop will continue as normal until
all the other generators have been destroyed or exhausted.


The [method foreach] command does not take a snapshot of the generator. Any
changes in the state of the generator made inside the loop or by other code will
affect the state of the loop. In particular, if the code in the loop invokes the
generator to manually retrieve the next element, this element will then be
excluded from the loop, and the next iteration will continue from the element
after that one. Care should be taken to avoid concurrent updates to generators
unless this behaviour is required (e.g., in argument processing).

[call [cmd generator] [method next] [arg generator] [opt [arg varName..]]]

Manually retrieves the next values from a generator. One value is retrieved for
each variable supplied and assigned to the corresponding variable. If the
generator becomes exhausted at any time then any remaining variables are set to
the empty string.

[call [cmd generator] [method exists] [arg generator]]

Returns 1 if the generator (still) exists, or 0 otherwise.

[call [cmd generator] [method names]]

Returns a list of all currently existing generator commands.

[call [cmd generator] [method destroy] [opt [arg generator..]]]

Destroys one or more generators, freeing any associated resources.

[call [cmd generator] [method finally] [arg cmd] [opt [arg arg..]]]

Used in the definition of a generator procedure, this command arranges for a
resource to be cleaned up whenever the generator is destroyed, either explicitly
or implicitly when the generator is exhausted. This command can be used like a
[method finally] block in the [cmd try] command, except that it is tied to the
life-cycle of the generator rather than to a particular scope. For example, if
we create a generator to iterate over the lines in a text file, we can use
[method finally] to ensure that the file is closed whenever the generator is

[example {
    generator define lines file {
        set in [open $file]
        # Ensure file is always closed
        generator finally close $in
        while {[gets $in line] >= 0} {
            generator yield $line
    generator foreach line [lines /etc/passwd] {
        puts "[incr count]: $line"
        if {$count > 10} { break }
    # File will be closed even on early exit


If you create a generator that consumes another generator (such as the standard
[method map] and [method filter] generators defined later), then you should use
a [method finally] command to ensure that this generator is destroyed when its
parent is. For example, the [method map] generator is defined as follows:

[example {
    generator define map {f xs} {
        generator finally generator destroy $xs
        generator foreach x $xs { generator yield [{*}$f $x] }

[call [cmd generator] [method from] [arg format] [arg value]]

Creates a generator from a data structure. Currently, supported formats are
[option list], [option dict], or [option string]. The list format yields each
element in turn. For dictionaries, each key and value are yielded separately.
Finally, strings are yielded a character at a time.

[call [cmd generator] [method to] [arg format] [arg generator]]

Converts a generator into a data structure. This is the reverse operation of the
[method from] command, and supports the same data structures. The two operations
obey the following identity laws (where [method =] is interpreted

[example {
    [generator to $fmt [generator from $fmt $value]] = $value
    [generator from $fmt [generator to $fmt $gen]]   = $gen



[section PRELUDE]

The following commands are provided as a standard library of generator
combinators and functions that perform convenience operations on generators. The
functions in this section are loosely modelled on the equivalent functions from
the Haskell Prelude. [emph Warning:] most of the functions in this prelude
destroy any generator arguments they are passed as a side-effect. If you want to
have persistent generators, see the streams library.

[list_begin definitions]

[call [cmd generator] [method map] [arg function] [arg generator]]

Apply a function to every element of a generator, returning a new generator of
the results. This is the classic map function from functional programming,
applied to generators. For example, we can generate all the square numbers using
the following code (where [cmd nats] is defined as earlier):

[example {
    proc square x { expr {$x * $x} }
    generator foreach n [generator map square [nats]] {
        puts "n = $n"
        if {$n > 1000} { break }

[call [cmd generator] [method filter] [arg predicate] [arg generator]]

Another classic functional programming gem. This command returns a generator
that yields only those items from the argument generator that satisfy the
predicate (boolean function). For example, if we had a generator [var employees]
that returned a stream of dictionaries representing people, we could filter all
those whose salaries are above 100,000 dollars (or whichever currency you prefer)
using a simple filter:

[example {
    proc salary> {amount person} { expr {[dict get $person salary] > $amount} }
    set fat-cats [generator filter {salary> 100000} $employees]

[call [cmd generator] [method reduce] [arg function] [arg zero] [arg generator]]

This is the classic left-fold operation. This command takes a function, an
initial value, and a generator of values. For each element in the generator it
applies the function to the current accumulator value (the [arg zero] argument
initially) and that element, and then uses the result as the new accumulator
value. This process is repeated through the entire generator (eagerly) and the
final accumulator value is then returned. If we consider the function to be a
binary operator, and the zero argument to be the left identity element of that
operation, then we can consider the [method reduce] command as [emph folding]
the operator between each successive pair of values in the generator in a
left-associative fashion. For example, the sum of a sequence of numbers can be
calculated by folding a [cmd +] operator between them, with 0 as the identity:

[example {
    # sum xs          = reduce + 0 xs
    # sum [range 1 5] = reduce + 0 [range 1 5]
    #                 = reduce + [+ 0 1] [range 2 5]
    #                 = reduce + [+ 1 2] [range 3 5]
    #                 = ...
    #                 = reduce + [+ 10 5] <empty>
    #                 = ((((0+1)+2)+3)+4)+5
    #                 = 15
    proc + {a b} { expr {$a + $b} }
    proc sum gen { generator reduce + 0 $gen }
    puts [sum [range 1 10]]


The [method reduce] operation is an extremely useful one, and a great variety of
different operations can be defined using it. For example, we can define a
factorial function as the product of a range using generators. This definition
is both very clear and also quite efficient (in both memory and running time):

[example {
    proc * {x y} { expr {$x * $y} }
    proc prod gen { generator reduce * 0 $gen }
    proc fac n { prod [range 1 $n] }


However, while the [method reduce] operation is efficient for finite generators,
care should be taken not to apply it to an infinite generator, as this will
result in an infinite loop:

[example {
    sum [nats]; # Never returns

[call [cmd generator] [method foldl] [arg function] [arg zero] [arg generator]]

This is an alias for the [method reduce] command.

[call [cmd generator] [method foldr] [arg function] [arg zero] [arg generator]]

This is the right-associative version of [method reduce]. This operation is
generally inefficient, as the entire generator needs to be evaluated into memory
(as a list) before the reduction can commence. In an eagerly evaluated language
like Tcl, this operation has limited use, and should be avoided if possible.

[call [cmd generator] [method all] [arg predicate] [arg generator]]

Returns true if all elements of the generator satisfy the given predicate.

[call [cmd generator] [method and] [arg generator]]

Returns true if all elements of the generator are true (i.e., takes the logical
conjunction of the elements).

[call [cmd generator] [method any] [arg generator]]

Returns true if any of the elements of the generator are true (i.e., logical

[call [cmd generator] [method concat] [arg generator] [opt [arg generator..]]]

Returns a generator which is the concatenation of each of the argument

[call [cmd generator] [method concatMap] [arg function] [arg generator]]

Given a function which maps a value to a series of values, and a generator of
values of that type, returns a generator of all of the results in one flat
series. Equivalent to [method concat] applied to the result of [method map].

[call [cmd generator] [method drop] [arg n] [arg generator]]

Removes the given number of elements from the front of the generator and returns
the resulting generator with those elements removed.

[call [cmd generator] [method dropWhile] [arg predicate] [arg generator]]

Removes all elements from the front of the generator that satisfy the predicate.

[call [cmd generator] [method contains] [arg element] [arg generator]]

Returns true if the generator contains the given element. Note that this will
destroy the generator!

[call [cmd generator] [method foldl1] [arg function] [arg generator]]

A version of [method foldl] that takes the [arg zero] argument from the first
element of the generator. Therefore this function is only valid on non-empty

[call [cmd generator] [method foldli] [arg function] [arg zero] [arg generator]]

A version of [method foldl] that supplies the integer index of each element as
the first argument to the function. The first element in the generator at this
point is given index 0.

[call [cmd generator] [method foldri] [arg function] [arg zero] [arg generator]]

Right-associative version of [method foldli].

[call [cmd generator] [method head] [arg generator]]

Returns the first element of the generator.

[call [cmd generator] [method tail] [arg generator]]

Removes the first element of the generator, returning the rest.

[call [cmd generator] [method init] [arg generator]]

Returns a new generator consisting of all elements except the last of the
argument generator.

[call [cmd generator] [method takeList] [arg n] [arg generator]]

Returns the next [arg n] elements of the generator as a list. If not enough
elements are left in the generator, then just the remaining elements are

[call [cmd generator] [method take] [arg n] [arg generator]]

Returns the next [arg n] elements of the generator as a new generator. The old
generator is destroyed.

[call [cmd generator] [method iterate] [arg function] [arg init]]

Returns an infinite generator formed by repeatedly applying the function to the
initial argument. For example, the Fibonacci numbers can be defined as follows:

[example {
    proc fst pair { lindex $pair 0 }
    proc snd pair { lindex $pair 1 }
    proc nextFib ab { list [snd $ab] [expr {[fst $ab] + [snd $ab]}] }
    proc fibs {} { generator map fst [generator iterate nextFib {0 1}] }

[call [cmd generator] [method last] [arg generator]]

Returns the last element of the generator (if it exists).

[call [cmd generator] [method length] [arg generator]]

Returns the length of the generator, destroying it in the process.

[call [cmd generator] [method or] [arg predicate] [arg generator]]

Returns 1 if any of the elements of the generator satisfy the predicate.

[call [cmd generator] [method product] [arg generator]]

Returns the product of the numbers in a generator.

[call [cmd generator] [method repeat] [arg n] [arg value..]]

Returns a generator that consists of [arg n] copies of the given elements. The
special value [emph Inf] can be used to generate an infinite sequence.

[call [cmd generator] [method sum] [arg generator]]

Returns the sum of the values in the generator.

[call [cmd generator] [method takeWhile] [arg predicate] [arg generator]]

Returns a generator of the first elements in the argument generator that satisfy
the predicate.

[call [cmd generator] [method splitWhen] [arg predicate] [arg generator]]

Splits the generator into lists of elements using the predicate to identify
delimiters. The resulting lists are returned as a generator. Elements matching
the delimiter predicate are discarded. For example, to split up a generator
using the string "|" as a delimiter:

[example {
    set xs [generator from list {a | b | c}]
    generator split {string equal "|"} $xs ;# returns a then b then c

[call [cmd generator] [method scanl] [arg function] [arg zero] [arg generator]]

Similar to [method foldl], but returns a generator of all of the intermediate
values for the accumulator argument. The final element of this generator is
equivalent to [method foldl] called on the same arguments.



Please report any errors in this document, or in the package it describes, to
[uri {mailto:[email protected]} {Neil Madden}].

[keywords generator coroutine {control structure} iterator foreach]
[keywords map filter foldl reduce foldr scanl]


pooryorick 2012-10: If this code left cleanup of the generator to the caller, it would keep the door open for various use cases, e.g., breaking out of a generator foreach loop and then doing something else with the remainder of the generator.

redc 2014-03-18: (using generator package from tcllib-1.14) it doesn't work as expected when 'generator foreach' is also in a coroutine.

See also: generators